The Stonehenge is an enormous stone monument that can be found on the north of the modern day city of Salisbury, England.
According to researchers the Stonehenge was built 5,000 to 4,000 years ago and was a part of a highly complex sacred landscape.
The biggest stones that are part of the Stonehenge are called sarsens, they are up to 30 feet or 9 meters tall and weights up to 25 tons or 22.6 metric tons.
Some researchers believe that these stones were brought from the area called Marlborough Downs; this is estimated at a distance of 20 miles or 32 kilometers and is situated in the north.
The Stonehenge also has smaller stones, they are termed as “bluestones”, this is because they have bluish tinge when they become wet, each of the stones weigh up to 4 stones and are said to come from various sites, one of the locations would be Western Wales.
One of the greatest mysteries about the formation of the Stonehenge is the fact that nobody knows how the stones have been moved, during that time when it was made, there were no available systems to transport the stones.
Several scientists have speculated that glaciers carried the bluestones in order to get closer to the structure, removing the need for the makers to transport the stones all the way from Wales.
Another idea of how it came to be was through water transport. Some theorists are saying that the stones might have been transported using rafts, but there have been certain questions on how could this method become viable.
Creation process of the Stonehenge:
There are new archeological studies released, the IBM Visual and Spatial technology Center have taken the time to research using a number of technologies like penetrating radars and magnetometers in order to map out how the Stonehenge came to be.
According to the research, there has been widespread prehistoric hunting during that time, as stated in the research the Stonehenge was just a part of an every changing sacred landscape.
According to the reports created, Salisbury was already a sacred plain even before the creation of the Stonehenge.
Even before the Stonehenge, it is believed that 3 pine posts that served as totem pole was already erected in the site.
Researchers were also able to find 350 animal bones, and 12,500 flint stones in the area signifying rapid hunting.
The presence of abundant game could signify that the people of the ancient past could have considered the area of Stonehenge as something sacred or holy grounds.
Another discovery on the site would include a massive wooden building. This is believed to be the site of burial rituals. A lot of burial mounds were also excavated near the area of the Stonehenge.
It is indicative that hundreds, if not thousands of humans were buried near the area.
· There are 17 shrines in the area; some have been shaped as circles.
· The construction of the Stonehenge began slowing down 4,000 years ago, and it slowly deteriorated due to neglect.
· It is believed that the circle was purposely aligned with the midsummer sunrise, the midwinter sunset as well as the southern rising and northern setting of the moon.
· The creators of the Stonehenge has made use of a ground plan as well as structural engineering and they have also made use of geometrical as well as mathematical rules in order to create the sacred area.
· It is estimated that it took thirty million hours of labor to complete the structure.